Current Comprehensive Test Paper – VIII

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13 Jan, 2016

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Reading Comprehension

Worksheets on Current Topics for English Test Papers.

Nirdeshak is developing tailor made comprehension section from the recent news articles published in leading newpapers across the world. It is important to recognizing letters and words in the passage, as it is the first step in learning to read. For students it is vital that students comprehend, or understand, what they are reading. They must be able to get the meaning of the text: What is the author telling the reader?

 

Engineering Climate

Once dismissed as dangerous science fiction, schemes to stave off global warming by re-engineering Earth’s climate may well gain in traction as a result of the Paris agreement.

The landmark climate deal reached in Paris on Saturday poses a dilemma. It sets ambitious targets for capping global warming yet Earth’s economy remains hugely dependent on carbon-spewing fossil fuels.

So, if temperatures rise and countries fail to switch to cleaner energy in time, the allure of high-tech fixes will, for many, become unavoidable. But all proposed “geo-engineering” methods carry serious risks and limitations, with many doubts about cost, feasibility and governance, say climate experts.

The direct solution to global warming has long been to curb heat-trapping greenhouse gases by energy efficiency or a shift to cleaner renewables. Despite the rapid rise of solar and wind, though, the change has not happened quickly enough.

So the pathway to keeping global warming “well below two degrees Celsius” (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) compared to pre-Industrial Revolution levels—the goal embraced at the 195-nation talks—has narrowed over time.

More ambitious still, the Paris agreement calls on countries to pursue efforts to limit warming to 1.5C. Today, even the most aggressive scenarios for cutting back on fossil fuels laid out by the UN’s 3,000-strong corps of science advisors, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, rely heavily on removing carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere.

“Nearly all of the emissions scenarios”—more than 100 out of 116—”assessed by the IPCC that keep global averages below 2C assume the large-scale removal of CO2 from the atmosphere by the end of the century,” said Chris Jones, a scientist at Britain’s Met Hadley Centre and co-author of a new peer-reviewed study on geo-engineering’s side-effects.

Engineered fixes for climate change are roughly divided into two categories.

The first, solar radiation management, blocks some of the Sun’s heat-generating rays.

One scheme worthy of a Star Trek prequel that so far remains on the drawing board would place giant mirrors in space to deflect one or two percent of solar radiation.

Q1. Gain in traction

a) Changing

b) Getting direction

c) Getting accepted

d) To decide

—————————————————————————

Q2. Landmark

a) Popular place

b) Significant achievement

c) Conspicuous

d) Fantastic

—————————————————————————

Q3. Carbon-spewing

a) Made of carbon

b) Carbon gushing

c) Danger of carbon

d) Fill in

—————————————————————————

Q4. Capping

a) Setting limits

b) Covering

c) Trending

d) Measuring

—————————————————————————

Answer

Q1. c)

Q2. b)

Q3. b)

Q4. a)

The Swedish newspaper was recently asked it to delete the reference made by President Pranab Mukherjee to the Bofors scam in an interview to it, as a claim protested by the Indian Government on 27 May 2015. India has expressed disappointment over the disrespect shown to the President, the newspaper has defended its right to publish what was said during the interview.

Know, who is Vijay Kelkar and what is PPP !

Vijay Kelkar is a renowned economist and a former Finance Secretary. He was appointed head of newly constituted committee to give recommendations to recast the model of Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) model in India. India is one of the largest PPP market with over 900 projects. The Kelkar committee will review the PPP policy, suggest a better risk-sharing mechanism between private developers and the government after analysing such projects.

Know, who is Yaduveer Krishnadatta Chamaraja Wadiyar !

Yaduveer Krishnadatta Chamaraja Wadiyar was crowned as the new Maharaja of of Mysuru (Mysore) royal family. He is the 23-year old grandson of Princess Gayathri Devi, who was the eldest daughter of the last Maharaja of Mysore, Sri Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar. The coronation was held at Mysuru’s famous Amba Vilas Palace, which was decked up for the occasion.

Know about Sepp Blatter!

Swpp Blatter, was re-elected as FIFA president for a fifth term at the 65th Annual Congress of FIFA held at Zurich for four year term.

Prince Ali bin al-Hussein of Jordan stood against Blatter in this election. It is worth mentioning that FIFA is going through a major controversy regarding corruption in the organisation with two FIFA vice presidents and a recently elected FIFA executive committee member still in custody.

 


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