26 Feb, 2016
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Worksheets on Current Topics for Banking English Test Papers – XXVII
Nirdeshak is developing tailor made comprehension section from the recent news articles published in leading newpapers across the world. It is important to recognizing letters and words in the passage, as it is the first step in learning to read. For students it is vital that students comprehend, or understand, what they are reading. They must be able to get the meaning of the text: What is the author telling the reader?
Extinct undersea volcanoes may cause a rare type of earthquake that triggers powerful tsunami waves, according to a new finding that may lead to improved detection measures.
Tsunami earthquakes happen at relatively shallow depths in the ocean and are small in terms of their magnitude.
However, they create very large tsunamis, with some earthquakes that measure 5.6 on the Richter scale generating waves that reach up to ten metres when they hit the shore.
A global network of seismometers enables researchers to detect even the smallest earthquakes.
However, the challenge has been to determine which small magnitude events are likely to cause large tsunamis.
The study shows that tsunami earthquakes may be caused by extinct undersea volcanoes causing a “sticking point” between two sections of the Earth’s crust called tectonic plates, where one plate slides under another.
The researchers from Imperial College London and GNS Science in New Zealand used geophysical data collected for oil and gas exploration and historical accounts from eye witnesses relating to two tsunami earthquakes, which happened off the coast of New Zealand’s north island in 1947.
“Tsunami earthquakes don’t create massive tremors like more conventional earthquakes such as the one that hit Japan in 2011, so residents and authorities in the past haven’t had the same warning signals to evacuate,” said Dr Rebecca Bell, from Department of Earth Science and Engineering at Imperial.
The team located two extinct volcanoes off the coast of Poverty Bay and Tolaga Bay that have been squashed and sunk beneath the crust off the coast of New Zealand, in a process called subduction.
The researchers suggest that the volcanoes provided a “sticking point” between part of the Earth’s crust called the Pacific plate, which was trying to slide underneath the New Zealand plate.
This caused a build-up of energy, which was released in 1947, causing the plates to “unstick” and the Pacific plate to move and the volcanoes to become subsumed under New Zealand.
This release of the energy from both plates was unusually slow and close to the seabed, causing large movements of the sea floor, which led to the formation of very large tsunami waves.
a) Fierce and very hot
b) Very deep
c) No longer in existence
d) Very large
a) Very deep
b) Not deep
Q3. Sticking point
a) A point not causing a stalemate
b) A point causing a stalemate
c) To the very extreme
d) To the very depths of ocean
a) Investigation of unknown regions
b) Investigation of known regions
c) Investigation of oceans
d) Investigation of environments near the oceans
The Swedish newspaper was recently asked it to delete the reference made by President Pranab Mukherjee to the Bofors scam in an interview to it, as a claim protested by the Indian Government on 27 May 2015. India has expressed disappointment over the disrespect shown to the President, the newspaper has defended its right to publish what was said during the interview.
Know, who is Vijay Kelkar and what is PPP !
Vijay Kelkar is a renowned economist and a former Finance Secretary. He was appointed head of newly constituted committee to give recommendations to recast the model of Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) model in India. India is one of the largest PPP market with over 900 projects. The Kelkar committee will review the PPP policy, suggest a better risk-sharing mechanism between private developers and the government after analysing such projects.
Know, who is Yaduveer Krishnadatta Chamaraja Wadiyar !
Yaduveer Krishnadatta Chamaraja Wadiyar was crowned as the new Maharaja of of Mysuru (Mysore) royal family. He is the 23-year old grandson of Princess Gayathri Devi, who was the eldest daughter of the last Maharaja of Mysore, Sri Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar. The coronation was held at Mysuru’s famous Amba Vilas Palace, which was decked up for the occasion.
Know about Sepp Blatter!
Swpp Blatter, was re-elected as FIFA president for a fifth term at the 65th Annual Congress of FIFA held at Zurich for four year term.
Prince Ali bin al-Hussein of Jordan stood against Blatter in this election. It is worth mentioning that FIFA is going through a major controversy regarding corruption in the organisation with two FIFA vice presidents and a recently elected FIFA executive committee member still in custody.