PRACTICAL ENGLISH LEARNING – II

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07 Jan, 2016

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Practical English Learning – II

(Saturday Night study – Content for Competitive exams)

BEHAVIOUR of NOUNS

The behavior of nouns can be studied on the basis of their types.

Type 1: This type comprises nouns which are generally used in the plural. A list of such nouns is given below:

1.        Riches

2.        Goods

3.        Spectacles

4.        Drawers

5.        Binoculars

6.        Proceeds

7.        Odds

8.        Movables

9.        Wages

10.   Thanks

11.   Annals

12.   Trousers

13.   Premises

14.   Socks

15.   Fetters

16.   Shorts

17.   Pantaloons

18.   Tidings

19.   Eatables

20.   Scissors

21.   Stockings

22.   Surroundings

23.   Breeches

24.   Arms (weapons)

25.   Tongs

26.   Eaves

27.   Alms

28.        Bellows

29.        Pincers

30.        Shears

31.        Bowels

32.        Trappings

33.        Pants

34.        Nuptials

35.        Valuables

36.        Pliers

 

Type I Examples:

(a)   Riches have wings.

Riches in the above sentence, means wealth and not many rich men. Riches being a plural noun takes a plural verb.

Examples :

(b) Kindly give me a scissor. (Incorrect)

Kindly give me a pair of scissors.        (Correct)

(c) My spectacles have been broken.

Here, we have used spectacles in plural.

(c)   My spectacles have been broken.

Here, we have used spectacles in plural.


TYPE II

This group comprises nouns that look like plural, but are used in singular. A list of such nouns is given below:

  • Mathematics
  • Statistics
  • Economics
  • Politics
  • Gymnastics
  • Mechanics
  • Physics
  • News
  • Innings
  • Rickets
  • Gallows
  • Summons
  • Billiards
  • Mumps
  • Measles

Examples:

  • Mathematics are a difficult subject. (Incorrect)
    Mathematics is a difficult subject.       (Correct)
    Note: Mathematics
    looks like plural but, in fact, it is So, we cannot use a plural verb with it.
  • Politics are a game of compromise.         (Incorrect)
    Politics is a game of compromise. (Correct)
  • These news were broadcast from All India Radio only yesterday. (Incorrect)

This news was broadcast from All India Radio only yesterday.    (Correct)

  • Economics are his favourite subject. (Incorrect)
    Economics is his favourite subject. (Correct)
  • Measles are (Incorrect)
    Measles is infectious.                            (Correct)

 


Type III

This group is a family of collective nouns. These nouns are singular in form but are generally used us plural. Some such nouns arc listed below:

  • Gentry
  • People
  • Police
  • Clergy
  • Vermin
  • Public*
  • Cattle
  • Peasantry
  • Folk
  • Mankind
  • Poultry
  • Jury
  • Army
  • Flock

* Generally public is followed by singular verb but it can be used with plural verb. However, this practice is not common.

Examples:

  • The public is aware of the fact. (Incorrect)
    The public are aware of the fact. (Correct)
  • The cattle is grazing in the field. (Incorrect)
    The cattle are grazing in the field. (Correct)
  • Peoples should be loyal to their nation. (Incorrect)
    People should be loyal to their nation. (Correct)

 

There are some collective Nouns which are used as singular:

  • The army was ordered to open fire on terrorists.
  • The jury was unanimous in its opinion (one undivided whole)
  • The jury were divided in their opinion, (here noun of multitude denotes the individuals of the group; and
    hence verb is plural although the noun is singular)

 

Learn More Type of Nouns and its usage in the next post.

The Swedish newspaper was recently asked it to delete the reference made by President Pranab Mukherjee to the Bofors scam in an interview to it, as a claim protested by the Indian Government on 27 May 2015. India has expressed disappointment over the disrespect shown to the President, the newspaper has defended its right to publish what was said during the interview.

Know, who is Vijay Kelkar and what is PPP !

Vijay Kelkar is a renowned economist and a former Finance Secretary. He was appointed head of newly constituted committee to give recommendations to recast the model of Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) model in India. India is one of the largest PPP market with over 900 projects. The Kelkar committee will review the PPP policy, suggest a better risk-sharing mechanism between private developers and the government after analysing such projects.

Know, who is Yaduveer Krishnadatta Chamaraja Wadiyar !

Yaduveer Krishnadatta Chamaraja Wadiyar was crowned as the new Maharaja of of Mysuru (Mysore) royal family. He is the 23-year old grandson of Princess Gayathri Devi, who was the eldest daughter of the last Maharaja of Mysore, Sri Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar. The coronation was held at Mysuru’s famous Amba Vilas Palace, which was decked up for the occasion.

Know about Sepp Blatter!

Swpp Blatter, was re-elected as FIFA president for a fifth term at the 65th Annual Congress of FIFA held at Zurich for four year term.

Prince Ali bin al-Hussein of Jordan stood against Blatter in this election. It is worth mentioning that FIFA is going through a major controversy regarding corruption in the organisation with two FIFA vice presidents and a recently elected FIFA executive committee member still in custody.

 


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